Termites are pests that destroy wood. They are referred to as the silent destroyers as they can devastate an entire home, more particularly the foundation, roofing, flooring, and furniture. Termite colonies won’t eat away the wooden parts of your home quickly. But they can create enough damage if they are left unchecked.
Termites tend to eat away one cubic foot of wood each year. Just imagine it if took you three years before you discovered that your home is suffering from a termite infestation. That only means there has been extensive damage that has to be repaired.
In a survey conducted by a government agency, it was discovered that US households spend over $2 billion each year to mitigate termite damages. The value suggests that termite damage may be worse than the damage caused by hurricanes, fires, and floods combined.
Different Types of Termites
There are different types of termites and it will help if you know and understand each of them, as it makes you aware of what’s the best mode of defense against them. However, for best results, consult with an expert pest exterminator Dayton, Ohio.
1. Subterranean termites
The most common type of termites and the most destructive are subterranean termites. This is the type that takes up 80% of the billions of dollars’ worth of property damage. These termites build their colonies underground, and they eat softwood. They create mud tubes to their food source, like the wooden structures of a house. These termites are referred to as social insects as they may live with other kinds of termites in their nest.
2. Worker termites
Worker termites are quite distinct because their bodies are flat and soft. They also have large jaws, straight antennae, and six legs. These termites also cause damage to the home because they eat cellulose or wood. They use their strong jaws to munch on wood. These termites digest wood through the special enzymes they have inside their bodies. These termites may eat wooden structures of your home and use it to feed the rest in their colony.
3. Soldier termites
Unlike most types of termites, soldier termites don’t go out to eat wood because of their large jaws. So instead, their job becomes protecting the colony. If intruders arrive, such as ants, they will spray acid on them and crush them with their jaws. To be able to eat, they partner up with worker termites. Soldier termites don’t care for the young so when there’s an invasion and the tunnel is breached, it will be fixed by other termites locking the soldier termites in the battle. That means they can’t get back to their colony and they die due to lack of nourishment.
4. Reproductive termites
Reproductive termites are the ones that have wings and look for a mate. Once they find one, they’ll fly away to start a new colony. They’ll also let go of their wings when that happens. These termites will soon be the new king and queen of that colony.
5. Queen termite
Queen termites can produce as many as 30,000 eggs each day. On the estimate, they produce an egg every three seconds throughout their reproductive lifespan of 15 years. Once the queen termite dies, the whole colony dies as there won’t be any new member added, and there’s only one queen termite in every colony. However, the colony may be saved if another reproductive termite takes her place.